Good sexual health is important for everyone's general health and wellbeing.

Sexual health is not only about physical wellbeing. It includes the right to healthy and respectful relationships, health services that are inclusive, safe and appropriate, access to accurate information, and freedom from coercion, violence, stigma and discrimination. Sex is a normal, natural part of life, and nothing to be embarrassed about. Talking openly with your sexual partners and your doctor can help you take charge of your sexual health.

Safer sex practices are important for the sexual health of sexually active people of all ages. Condoms and lube can prevent most sexually transmissible infections (STIs), including chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, HIV, and some types of hepatitis. Vaccinations can prevent some forms of hepatitis, while medications are available that prevent HIV.

However, as condoms do not protect against all STIs, regular testing for all sexually transmissible infections can help protect your health by finding and treating infections sooner. 

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HIV

In Australia, HIV is most commonly spread when having sex without a condom and when sharing needles and other injecting equipment.

HIV
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Sexually transmissible infections (STIs)

It is not difficult to avoid catching sexually transmissible infections (STIs).

Sexually transmissible infections (STIs)
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Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an umbrella term for several diseases that affect the liver, including hepatitis B and hepatitis C.

Hepatitis
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Diversity and inclusion

Check the resources on sexuality and sexual identity on the Better Health Channel using the topic navigator below. The Australasian Society for HIV, Viral Hepatitis and Sexual Health Medicine also provides a service directory and many online resources.

Diversity and inclusion

Sexual health

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Sexuality and sexual identity

Contraception and abortion

Health conditions and sexual issues