SummaryRead the full fact sheet
- Cataracts are a common cause of low vision in the elderly.
- Cataract surgery is safe and effective.
- Sun protection and quitting smoking may help to prevent or delay cataracts.
A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of the . Cataracts are treated by removing the cloudy lens of the eye with surgery. Sun protection and may help prevent cataracts. Cataracts are common in older people.
Due to its association with ageing, eventually everyone will develop a cataract if they live long enough. By the age of 70, almost all of us will have some degree of cataract formation.
Symptoms of cataracts
Symptoms of a cataract can include:
- blurred vision
- sensitivity to light (glare)
- reduced night vision
- fading or ‘yellowing’ of colours.
Diagnosis of cataracts
Causes of cataracts
Treatment for cataracts
A small incision is made and the cataract-affected lens is removed. It is replaced with a small artificial intraocular lens. Surgery usually requires no stitches and visual recovery typically occurs within days. Once a cataract is removed, it cannot redevelop.
Prevention of cataracts
Wearing sunglasses to protect from prolonged direct exposure to UV sunlight, not smoking and good diabetes control if you suffer from diabetes may assist to prevent the early development of cataract.