SummaryRead the full fact sheet
- It can be difficult to know whether your preschooler is experiencing a sleep or settling concern. If your preschooler’s sleeping patterns are not affecting you or your family and you have strategies that work, then they may not have a sleep concern.
- Parents are encouraged to be responsive to the needs of their preschooler. Responsive settling is recognising that your preschooler needs help by responding appropriately.
- For preschoolers there are a few approaches you can try for sleep concerns, these include: bedtime fading and reward charts and free passes. It is important that the approach you choose is right for your family and preschooler.
- If your pre-schooler is attempting to or climbing out of their cot, it is time to move them to a bed. Make sure that your home is safe to reduce their risk of injury.
Sleep concerns and your preschooler
It can be difficult to know whether your preschooler is experiencing a sleep or settling concern. If your preschooler's sleeping patterns are not affecting you or your family and you have strategies that work, then they may not have a sleep concern.
The following definition of ‘severe night waking’ provides a guide – however, you know your child the best, and if something is a concern for you, seek help and advice from , your doctor or the on Tel: .
Severe night waking is when your child does one or more of the following things five or more times a week, for one or two weeks:
- Consistently wakes more than three times a night.
- Consistently takes more than 30 minutes to settle.
- Stays awake for 20 minutes after waking.
- Goes into the parents' or caregivers' bed.
- Has difficulties with sleep and settling that is causing parents or caregivers significant distress.
Strategies to help your preschooler sleep and settle
Every preschooler is different, and some may continue to wake overnight.
Parents are encouraged to be responsive to the needs of their preschooler. Responsive settling is recognising that your child needs help by responding appropriately.
Developing positive sleep environments and routines can also support your preschooler at bedtime.
Every family is different, and you need to use a strategy that you feel comfortable with and suits your preschooler and family.
Helping your preschooler sleep with bedtime fading
Bedtime fading can be used for children from 2 to 3 years. It is based on physiological theory of establishing sleep by limiting your child's time in bed. With this approach your preschooler does not go to bed until they feel naturally tired or drowsy, resulting in less night-time wakings.
- Record the time your preschooler goes to bed every night for a week.
- Identify the latest time and set this as bedtime.
- Gradually push back the bedtime by 15 minutes every two days.
- You can also make bedtime earlier (if needed) using this approach. Once your child gets used to falling asleep easily and quickly when put to bed, move their bedtime forward by 15 minutes every two days.
- Continue until your preschooler falls asleep quickly and has minimal night-time wakings, reaching a preferred bedtime.
Rewarding your pre-schooler for positive sleep behaviour
Once your child can understand and engage in conversation, you can use a reward chart or free passes to encourage positive sleep behaviour.
Reward charts are tools for changing your child’s behaviour and may include wall posters or apps. They demonstrate positive behaviour or goal that your child needs to achieve. Research shows that reward charts are effective in encouraging positive night-time behaviour. It is important that the reward is given after the good behaviour has been achieved, rather than before (which more resembles a bribe). It is also important not to punish your child if they do not receive a reward. An example you could try is rewarding your child with a sticker in the morning if they do not call out overnight. Once they receive five stickers, they may then receive a reward (such as a family bike ride, a movie night, or special time with parents or caregivers).
Free passes are another way to reinforce positive sleep behaviour. You will need to be consistent to use this strategy effectively. Give your preschooler a pass they can use for one acceptable request each night – for example, a drink of water or a kiss. Explain to your child that once they use the pass, they must give it to you and settle without any more requests or calling out. If your child asks for something that is unacceptable (such as an ice cream or staying up later), or they begin protesting loudly and persistently, you must not respond as it will encourage difficult behaviour.
Helping your preschooler sleep safely
It is important to . They shouldn’t have access to things like cords, electrical appliances, power points and access to stairs and windows as they could hurt themselves if they get up during the night.
Typical sleep behaviour information in community languages
This fact sheet is available for download in the following community languages:
Maternal and child health nurse visits are important
Victorian parents have free access to the . Specially trained maternal and child health will work with your family to help you care for your child until they are ready to start school.
As part of this service, you will visit a maternal and child health nurse in your local area at 10 key ages and stages in your child’s development. These visits are important because they you an opportunity to identify and address any issues and concerns early in your child’s development.
Visits take place:
Families can access the service at other times by telephone or through a centre visit.
Where to get help
- Tel: – available 24 hours a day for the cost of a local call throughout Victoria
- Tel. – available (24 hours, 7 days a week) for callers who speak other languages
- (24 hours a day, every day) – Speak and listen Tel: , TTY Tel: , SMS relay Tel: . .
- Tel. – for expert health advice 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
- (formerly SIDS and Kids) Tel. – for safe sleeping information, education, and all other enquiries