Before a biopsy, you need to discuss a range of issues with your doctor or surgeon.
The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) offers kits for free to Australians between the ages of 50 and 74 years of age.
Information on breast screening - who is eligible for free breast screens and when, and how to arrange a mammogram (breast screen) in Victoria.
The aim of cancer screening is to find cancer in its early stages.
Cervical cancer can be prevented through regular screening (every 5 years). Cervical cancer screening is recommended for women or people with a cervix (25 to 74 years) who have been sexually active.
An endoscope or fibrescope is a long, usually flexible tube with a lens at one end and a video camera at the other.
A predisposition to certain cancers can be inherited via altered genes.
Participants discuss their surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Each persons situation is different as were their treatment options. Participants share some of the side effects and also their feelings as they progressed through the treatments.
In this video clip, participants discuss the events that led to them being tested for prostate cancer, whether that was regular PSA testing or in response to a GP recommendation.
Men with a family history of prostate cancer, or men who have had a raised test result in the past, will benefit most from regular testing.
Bladder cancer affects around 3 times as many men as women.
Bone cancer can develop as either a primary cancer, meaning that the cancer started in the bones, or a secondary cancer, meaning that the cancer started somewhere else and spread to the bones.
Bowel cancer is highly curable if found at an early stage.
Brain cancer symptoms and treatment depend on which part of the brain is affected.
Gliomas are brain tumours associated with the three types of glial cell in the brain.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in Australia (apart from non-melanoma skin cancer) and the second most common cancer to cause death in women.
Uterine cancer is one of the most common gynaecological cancers.
Cervical cancer information including signs and symptoms, screening, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, HPV vaccine and where to get help. Tests are recommended for 25-74 year olds every 5 years.
Fallopian tube cancer is one of the rarest gynaecological cancers.
Most kidney cancers are found when the doctor is checking for something else.
Most children and many adults with acute leukaemia can expect to be cured, while chronic leukaemia can be successfully managed.
Liver cancer can be a primary cancer that starts in the liver, or a secondary cancer that starts in another part of the body and spreads to the liver.
Lung cancer occurs most often in adults between the ages of 40 and 70 who have smoked cigarettes for at least 20 years.
Lymphoma is a general term for a cancer that begins in the lymphatic system.
If untreated, melanomas can spread to other parts of the body and may be fatal.
Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer that can develop decades after exposure to asbestos.
Most molar pregnancies are diagnosed when bleeding early in pregnancy prompts an ultrasound scan.
Smoking increases the risk of mouth cancer six-fold.
Multiple myeloma is cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow.
Many women with early stage ovarian cancer may not have any symptoms.
The causes of pancreatic cancer are unknown, but smokers are at greater risk.
Generally, pituitary tumours are benign and slow growing, and pituitary cancers are extremely rare.
Prostate cancer can be treated in a variety of ways, so discuss treatment options with your doctor.
Check all of your skin, not just sun-exposed areas. If you notice anything unusual, including any change in shape, colour or size of a spot, or the development of a spot, visit your doctor as soon as possible.
Encourage your child to be SunSmart, whatever their age.
The symptoms of stomach cancer are usually vague and can be common to other medical conditions.
Early diagnosis and treatment can cure almost all cases of testicular cancer.
Risk factors for throat cancer include smoking or chewing tobacco, drinking alcohol and Human papillomavirus (HPV).
Anyone can develop thyroid cancer, regardless of age or gender.
Some vaginal cancers have no symptoms in their early stages, and only cause symptoms once they have invaded other parts of the body.
In its early stages, vulvar cancer often has no symptoms because the cancer is so tiny.
There are about 200 different types of cancer and most areas of the body can be affected.
In children, the genetic changes that cause cancer are not due to lifestyle but are more likely to be random and difficult to predict.
Long-term exposure to asbestos is a cause of lung cancer and other serious illnesses.
Diet can influence your risk of developing some cancers, but there is no evidence that specific foods can cause or cure cancer.
Latest research suggests that most cancers are caused by environmental rather than genetic factors.
Disease clusters are rare but can cause community concern about the possible effects of exposure to environmental hazards.
People who work outdoors are in one of the highest risk groups for skin cancer.
The major cause of skin cancer is over exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun or other sources, such as solariums.
A suntan is a sign of skin damage ? there is no such thing as a 'safe' tan.
Tobacco causes more illness and death than any other drug.
There is no such thing as a safe solarium tan.
Even mild sunburn can cause permanent skin damage and may increase your risk of skin cancer.
There are different types of breast cancer, and around 70 per cent are sensitive to the female sex hormone oestrogen.
A person with cancer who obtains pain relief is likely to sleep better and have more energy during the day.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Radiotherapy uses precisely targeted x-rays to destroy cancer cells while reducing the impact of radiation on healthy cells.
Some people prefer having palliative care at home because of the familiar environment, feeling of independence and close access to family, friends and the local community.
One of the treatments for prostate cancer is androgen deprivation therapy (previously called hormone therapy).
The aim of a radical prostatectomy is to remove the cancer before it spreads to other parts of the body.
People with cancer should be as physically active as their abilities and condition allow.
It is important for the health of people with cancer to eat well before, during and after cancer treatment.
Women who have undergone treatment of breast cancer are particularly susceptible to lymphoedema of the arm.