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  • Meningococcal disease is an uncommon but serious bacterial infection cause by meningococcal bacteria.
  • It usually takes the form of a blood infection (septicaemia) or infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meningitis).
  • People with meningococcal disease can become extremely unwell very quickly so early diagnosis and treatment are very important.
  • Meningococcal bacteria can spread from person-to-person through close, prolonged and intimate contact.
  • Infants, young children, adolescents and young adults are most at risk.
  • Cases occur more often during winter and early spring.
  • Vaccines are available to protect against common disease-causing strains of meningococcal bacteria.

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Reviewed on: 22-03-2024