SummaryRead the full fact sheet
- Make sure your day-to-day management of your asthma is under control before you travel.
- Visit your doctor for an asthma review to discuss your asthma management and update your asthma action plan.
- Your doctor can also provide you with a letter describing your asthma and your current medication.
- Check that your travel insurance policy specifically includes asthma, that you can meet any conditions or requirements, and that it offers the cover you need.
- Take more asthma medication away with you than you think you’ll need, and always carry some with you when you are away from your accommodation.
- Carry your asthma medication in your hand luggage.
Asthma and travel – visit your doctor before you go
Before taking your trip, visit your doctor to make sure your is under control well before you leave. Make sure your is up to date and, if you don’t already know, ask your doctor about strategies to handle your asthma if it worsens while on your trip. If your doctor usually prescribes any extra medicines to use if your asthma worsens, make sure you have some to take with you.
Ask your doctor to write up a report on your asthma that includes your asthma history, the severity of your condition, your current medication and what treatment you need in case of an asthma flare-up. Carry this document with you at all times in case of an emergency. You might need to present your doctor’s report to international customs officials if they question your medication.
Travel and asthma medication
It is a good idea to:
- Pack a little more than you think you’ll need, just in case.
- Always keep a supply of your asthma medication with you in your carry-on bag, in case your suitcase is lost or damaged, or you require it mid-travel.
- Take copies of your asthma prescriptions with you to prove the medicine is for your own personal use.
- Don’t rely on being able to purchase medication overseas. A foreign prescription may not be valid or your particular medication may not be available.
Travel and asthma-related devices
When packing your asthma-related medication and devices, consider the following:
- A spacer device is cheap and portable, which makes it a better choice for travelling than a nebuliser.
- If you need a nebuliser, allow for different voltages and power points when travelling overseas. You may need to obtain a power-point adaptor.
- If you need a nebuliser, make sure that the nebuliser pump can be used on the plane. You will need to make prior arrangements with the airline if you need to use your nebuliser on board the aircraft.
- Make sure you thoroughly understand how to use any unfamiliar medications and devices before you leave.
Asthma travel considerations
When you plan your trip, remember:
- Weather changes can bring on asthma symptoms, especially when the air is cold and dry.
- All beds and pillows can harbour , which can trigger asthma symptoms. Be wary of hotels that look unclean.
- Scuba diving can be dangerous for people with asthma. If you wish to scuba dive, you will need to complete a thorough dive safety assessment with your doctor.
- Be aware that different countries and cities have different and levels of pollution in the air, which may trigger asthma symptoms or an .
- Travelling to high altitudes is normally okay, as long as your asthma is well managed at sea level. Speak to your doctor before you travel.
- Trekking, sightseeing, swimming, skiing and other holiday activities should be possible if you have well-controlled asthma, a written asthma action plan and an adequate supply of asthma medication. Speak to your doctor about the activities you have planned before you travel.
- Make sure your travel companions know about your asthma and how to help when you are unwell or need .
Asthma and travel insurance
If you are travelling interstate or overseas and you have asthma, consider taking out travel insurance. In Australia, different states have different ambulance policies, so make sure you are covered if you need to call an ambulance where you are travelling.
There are many different travel insurance policies available, and the level of cover provided and the conditions associated with each policy vary widely. It is best to do some research and compare policies to make sure you find one that provides adequate cover for your travels.
Asthma is often described as a ‘pre-existing medical condition’ under travel insurance policies. In order to obtain cover for a pre-existing medical condition, you may have to meet certain conditions and requirements.
For asthma, these could include:
- certain age restrictions
- a specified period of time in which you have had:
- no exacerbations of your asthma
- no change in your medication
- no hospital admissions
- no change in your usual treatment.
If you cannot meet these conditions, you might also have to:
- have a medical assessment before the policy is issued
- pay an extra premium.
This varies across insurers, so check the various policies available to make sure that you can meet the conditions and requirements of the particular policy you choose.
Where to get help
- Coop CA, Adams KE, Web CN 2016, , Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology, vol. 50, no.1 pp. 18-22.
- Muller A, Rochoy M 2018, , Revue de Pneumologie Clinique, vol.74, no. 6, pp. 416-426.
- Gore MD, Dixon G, Stanton AE 2019, , Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, vol. 13, no, 11, pp. 1069-1077.
- , Australian Asthma Handbook, National Asthma Council Australia.
- , National Asthma Council Australia.