Giardiasis is a form of gastroenteritis, also known as gastro. It is caused by a parasite called Giardia Lamblia
, which lives in the bowel. Giardiasis can affect anyone but is more common in infants, children and adults aged 20 to 40 years. It is easily spread in childcare centres where there are children who are not toilet trained. Giardia
parasites are also found in wild, pet and farm animals. Untreated water that comes directly from lakes and rivers may also contain Giardia
Symptoms of giardiasis
Symptoms usually take an average of seven to 10 days to develop, but may take three weeks or occasionally longer. Symptoms may include:
- acute or chronic diarrhoea
- weight loss
- abdominal cramps
- the excretion of large amounts of fat in faeces (steatorrhoea) due to malabsorption of fat in the digestive system.
Most people who become infected with Giardia
parasites do not develop symptoms, but can still spread the infection to others.
Causes of giardiasis
People with Giardia
parasites in their faeces can infect others if they do not wash their hands properly after going to the toilet. Contaminated hands can then spread the parasites to food that may be eaten by other people or to surfaces that may be touched by other people. Hands can also become contaminated when changing the nappy of an infected infant or handling infected animals.
Giardiasis can be spread by contaminated drinking water. It can also be spread by faecal contamination of water supplies or recreational swimming areas, such as pools and spas. People who have had giardiasis should not use swimming pools until at least one week after their symptoms have ceased, but may then swim again provided they shower carefully beforehand.
Diagnosis of giardiasis
If you think that you or your child has giardiasis, contact your doctor. Your doctor will arrange for a stool (faeces) sample to be tested. If the results show giardiasis, the doctor will provide appropriate advice and treatment. Your doctor will also notify the Department of Health Victoria.
Prevention of giardiasis
The spread of giardiasis can be reduced if you:
- Have the illness diagnosed and treated by your doctor.
- Keep children home from school or child care until symptoms have stopped.
- Stay home from work until symptoms have stopped if you are a food handler, healthcare worker or a childcare worker.
- Wash hands thoroughly after going to the toilet, changing nappies or handling animals.
- Clean bathrooms and toilets thoroughly.
- Do not drink untreated water.
- Do not swim in public pools until at least one week after symptoms have stopped.
- Do not prepare or handle food that will be eaten by other people.
- Do not share any towel or face washer with a person who has giardiasis.
Where to get help
- Your doctor
- Your local council health department
- Department of Health, Communicable Disease Prevention and Control Unit Tel. 1300 651 160
Things to remember
- Giardiasis is spread by poor hygiene practices.
- Many people infected with Giardia parasites will not have symptoms, but can still pass on the infection.
- It is important that you contact your doctor if you think you or your child has giardiasis.
This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by:
Department of Health and Human Services - RHP&R - Health Protection - Communicable Disease Prevention and Control Unit
Content on this website is provided for education and information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not imply endorsement and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional. Content has been prepared for Victorian residents and wider Australian audiences, and was accurate at the time of publication. Readers should note that, over time, currency and completeness of the information may change. All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions.