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  • A seizure is a sudden disruption of brain activity, which can cause changes in sensation, awareness and behaviour, or sometimes convulsions, muscle spasms or loss of consciousness, depending on where the seizure starts and spreads in the brain.
  • Epilepsy is a condition of the brain where there is a tendency to have recurrent seizures.
  • There are many causes of seizures, and not everyone who has a seizure will be diagnosed with epilepsy.
  • The cause, seizure type and management will vary from person to person.
  • If a seizure lasts for 5 minutes or longer, injury has occurred, or you believe it’s the person’s first seizure, call triple zero (000) for an ambulance, unless that person has an epilepsy management plan that gives you other instructions.

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Reviewed on: 11-08-2023