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  • The thyroid gland regulates many metabolic processes, including growth and energy expenditure.
  • Around one in 20 people will experience some form of thyroid dysfunction in their lifetime.
  • Common problems include overactivity and underactivity of the thyroid gland.
  • Most thyroid conditions are caused by autoimmunity. These conditions have a genetic link. People with a family history of thyroid conditions have a higher risk of also having a thyroid condition and other autoimmune conditions.

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Reviewed on: 06-12-2015