When a family breaks up, it is difficult for everyone involved. Sometimes, family break ups happen after long periods of fighting and unhappiness. At other times, they happen suddenly and it is hard to understand why. Family relationships change as a result of the split and there is often a lot of adjusting to do.
Family break ups affect people differently
Everyone affected by the family break up will have their own feelings about the situation. You may feel:
- angry with the person who decided the family can no longer live together.
The family split may be even harder for you if you have to move house as a result. This is especially true if you have to move from your area, and change schools or lose touch with friends.
Common concerns with family break ups
Family break ups can lead to a number of concerns over:
- fighting between your parents
- discipline issues
- disputes with brothers and sisters
- the need for time and affection from both your parents
- the need for greater independence if you are a teenager
- getting into trouble for various misdemeanours
- how the break up is affecting other family members.
Making sense of the breakup
There are some things you can do to try and make sense of the family breakup, including:
- Ask your parents why they have decided to stop living together. Think carefully about when is the right time to ask this question. If someone is upset or emotional, it may be best to wait until they are calm.
- Tell your parents who you would prefer to live with.
- Ask your parents not to take you aside individually to talk about their problems with each other.
- Try to maintain your relationship with each parent separately.
- Talk to other family members about how you feel.
It will take a long while for you – and everyone else in the family – to adjust to the change in the family relationship. Everyone in the family will also need to make an effort to make things work.
Try talking to someone outside of the family
People you can talk to include:
- a counsellor – for example, a school counsellor
- a telephone counselling service – for example, Kids Helpline on 1800 55 1800 or Lifeline on 13 11 14. These services will give you the chance to talk through your feelings about the family breakup.
Many people experience family break ups
Every year around 10,000 children and young people contact Kids Helpline about family relationship concerns, including:
- Many children have tried to speak to their parents or other family members but have either been ignored or had their concerns minimised.
- Some children find it difficult to raise problems with their family.
- Some need help to make sense of their concerns before they approach family members.
- Sometimes, kids phone because there is no one else to turn to.
Which parent to live with after a family break up
If your family breaks up, it will have to be decided which parent you will live with. Some of the possibilities are:
- One of your parents will have sole custody and you will live with that parent.
- Your parents will share custody.
- One parent will have custody of you for the majority of the time. The other parent will have access visits a certain number of times each week, fortnight or month. If your parents live far apart, you may find school holidays are the time you catch up with the parent you don't live with.
Agreeing about who should have custody after a family break up
Sometimes, parents are able to work out custody arrangements themselves. At other times, they need the help of the Family Court to make this decision.
If custody is decided by the court:
- Your point of view will be taken into account. The older you are, the more your opinion will count.
- You will be able to talk to a Family Court counsellor if you need to talk to someone outside of the family about the breakup.
If you are unhappy about a custody arrangement, it is a good idea to talk to someone you trust about your feelings and find out what your options are. Sometimes, it is good to talk to someone who is not personally involved with your family.
Where to get help
- Kids Helpline Tel. 1800 55 1800
- Family Relationships Advice Line Tel. 1800 050 321 Monday to Friday, 8 am to 8 pm, Saturday, 10 am to 4 pm, except national public holidays
- Lifeline Tel. 13 11 14
Things to remember
- It takes time and effort to adjust to family breakups.
- Family breakups can cause a range of feelings, from anger to relief.
- Talking to your parents or someone else outside the family can help you to make sense of a family breakup.
This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by:
Content on this website is provided for education and information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not imply endorsement and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional. Content has been prepared for Victorian residents and wider Australian audiences, and was accurate at the time of publication. Readers should note that, over time, currency and completeness of the information may change. All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions.