Summary

  • Basketball is a contact sport that can result in injuries.
  • The most common injuries are due to falls, contact, awkward landings, abrupt changes in direction and being hit by the ball.
  • Using the right techniques and equipment for the sport can help prevent injury.

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Basketball is one of the most popular sports in Australia and is enjoyed by players of all ages and skill levels. Basketball is a fast game with frequent and aggressive body contacts, so injuries can and do occur.

Basketball injuries

Injuries while playing basketball are commonly caused by falls, player contact, awkward landings, abrupt changes in direction and being hit by the ball. Common types of injuries are:
  • Injuries to the lower body, mostly ankle sprains
  • Injuries to the hand, fingers, head, face and teeth
  • Knee injuries – females are at higher risk of knee injury than males
  • Overuse injuries – are most common in higher level players due to the duration and intensity of play.

Preventing basketball injuries

To prevent injury you should:
  • Be prepared.
  • Wear the right gear.
  • Check the environment is safe.
  • Know yourself and the sport.

Preparing to play basketball

Before you start playing basketball, remember to:
  • Attend training so your body is ready.
  • Warm up and stretch before playing.
  • Cool down and stretch after playing.

Wear the right basketball gear

When you're playing basketball, make sure you:
  • Wear a mouthguard, preferably custom-fitted, at all times.
  • Wear shoes designed for basketball.
  • If you have a history of injury, speak to your doctor or physiotherapist about appropriate bracing or protective gear.

Check the basketball environment

Check the basketball environment is safe and remember to:
  • Remove hazards, such as stones and water, from the playing surface.
  • Make sure backboards and baskets are of a high standard, securely mounted and well maintained.
  • Make sure backboards, their supports and walls are padded.
  • Make sure baskets and boundary lines are not too close to walls and fixtures.
  • Ask a suitably qualified person, like a builder, to assess the safety of your installation if you install a ring at home.
  • Do not fix a basketball ring or backboard to brickwork.

Other basketball safety tips

General safety suggestions when playing basketball include:
  • Choose activities that are suited to your fitness level.
  • Follow the rules and play fairly.
  • Know and use the right techniques for passing, jumping, landing and shooting.
  • Know how to use the equipment properly and safely.
  • Never hang or swing on a basketball ring.
  • Drink water before, during and after play.
  • Do not play in extreme heat or wet conditions. Where possible, games should be rescheduled.
  • Coaches, players and parents should be aware of heat illness symptoms.
  • Qualified first aid personnel, first aid kits, icepacks and a stretcher should be available at all times.
  • Telephone access, to contact emergency services, is essential.

Respond promptly to basketball injuries

If you or someone else is injured:
  • Remove injured or bleeding players from the court immediately.
  • Seek prompt attention for injuries from qualified first aid personnel.
  • Make sure you are fully rehabilitated before returning to play.
  • Wear a brace for at least three months after serious joint injuries.

Where to get help

  • Your doctor
  • Sports physician
  • Physiotherapist
  • Australian Physiotherapy Association Tel. (03) 9092 0888
  • Always call triple zero for an ambulance in an emergency Tel. 000
  • Smartplay Tel. (03) 9674 8777

Things to remember

  • Basketball is a contact sport that can result in injuries.
  • The most common injuries are due to falls, contact, awkward landings, abrupt changes in direction and being hit by the ball.
  • Using the right techniques and equipment for the sport can help prevent injury.
References
  • Smartplay Victoria (2007), Preventing basketball injuries – facts and safety tips for basketballers [online], Sports Medicine Australia – Victoria. More information here.
  • Smartplay Victoria (2005), Drink up, beat the heat [online], Sports Medicine Australia – Victoria. More information here.

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This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by: Smartplay

Last updated: July 2013

Page content currently being reviewed.

Content on this website is provided for education and information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not imply endorsement and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional. Content has been prepared for Victorian residents and wider Australian audiences, and was accurate at the time of publication. Readers should note that, over time, currency and completeness of the information may change. All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions.