SummaryRead the full fact sheet
- The ability to lipread takes time and practice to develop.
- Lipreading helps people with previously normal hearing or limited hearing.
- Facial expressions, gestures, environment and contextual cues also help lipreaders to understand what is being said.
Lipreading is the art of being able to see speech sounds. It is often called speechreading because people use other clues, such as facial expressions, gestures and surroundings, to help them understand what is being said.
Lipreading can help people who are hearing impaired to cope better with their hearing loss. Not every word needs to be understood for lipreading to be useful. Other skills can be developed that help a person understand better what is being said.
The benefits of lipreading
- people who can only hear about half of what is said – they will understand more through lipreading.
- people who previously had normal hearing – lipreading helps them to participate better in conversations.
The extent to which lipreading is helpful will depend on each person’s natural aptitude for lipreading and the amount of effort applied.
Limitations of lipreading
Difficulties associated with lipreading include:
- normal speech is too fast to lipread easily
- many speech movements are not seen
- many speech patterns are similar, leading to confusion and doubt
- some words look alike, even though they sound different
- many people do not speak clearly.
Lipreading cannot make up for the hearing that has been lost. It is not possible for a person to consistently understand everything that is said by lipreading alone.
Learning to lipread
Developing the ability to lipread requires:
Once the ability to lipread has been developed, constant use is required or your skill will decrease.
When speaking to a hearing impaired person
When speaking to a hearing impaired person, it is important that you face them, speak clearly and naturally, and don’t cover your mouth.