Asthma affects about one in ten teenagers in Australia. By understanding and managing your asthma, you can keep it under control and stop it affecting your study, work, sport and social activities.
Information about asthma for teenagers
Some things that are useful to know if you have been diagnosed with asthma include:
- You can continue to do what everyone else can do and what you used to do. Just make sure you look after your asthma.
- Lots of people have asthma (10 per cent of the Australian population).
- If you let your friends know, they can help you if you have an asthma flare-up.
- Learn about your medication, what each type does and how to take it properly.
- Find out what triggers your asthma symptoms and try to avoid your triggers if you can.
- Make sure you keep your reliever puffer and spacer with you at all times (as this could save your life).
- Learn how to recognise what your early asthma symptoms are to help prevent a more serious asthma attack.
- Book in an asthma review with your doctor (this helps to make sure you are able to manage asthma and keep doing the things you like to do).
- Talk to your doctor about what your triggers are, when your asthma symptoms get worse, and how often you are taking your reliever medication, and then ask for an asthma action plan.
- Learn about asthma first aid and make sure you and the people around you know what to do if you ever have an asthma attack – this will be on your asthma action plan.
Exercise for teenagers with asthma
There are many top Australian athletes who manage their asthma well, which enables them to compete at a very high level. Although exercise can sometimes be a trigger for your asthma, it is also a great way of keeping fit and on top of your asthma.
If you normally have asthma symptoms during exercise, remember to:
- Take your reliever medication up to 15 minutes before warming up (this will help keep your airways open).
- Warm up as usual.
- Begin your activity and if you have any asthma symptoms, take your reliever medication straight away. You can go back to exercise if the symptoms go away.
- Cool down as usual, but also watch for asthma symptoms (they can appear up to half an hour after you have stopped being active).
Remember the two strikes and you’re out rule – if asthma symptoms come back for a second time, stop the activity and take your reliever medication again. We recommend that you should now take a break from the activity.
If you want to know more about asthma and physical activity, there is more information on the Asthma Foundation Victoria website.
Teenagers – tips to control your asthma
Teenagers can successfully and responsibly manage their own asthma through five simple steps that include:
- Use a spacer with your puffer to greatly increase the amount of medication reaching your airways (it doesn’t have to be the ‘football’ spacer, there are many smaller types of spacers that fit easily into a pencil case or bag).
- Make sure you always have your reliever puffer and spacer with you or nearby (this is what you will use when you have asthma symptoms).
- Make sure that you understand what is on your asthma action plan and that you know what to do when you have asthma symptoms and in an asthma emergency.
- Remember to take your medication, particularly your prescribed preventer medication, as it can take time to begin to work in your body (up to several weeks). It will help improve your asthma so that you can begin to reduce the amount of reliever medication used.
- Try to avoid your asthma triggers as much as possible, except for exercise.
Where to get help
This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by:
Content on this website is provided for information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional. The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website. All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions and to ascertain whether the particular therapy, service, product or treatment described on the website is suitable in their circumstances. The State of Victoria and the Department of Health & Human Services shall not bear any liability for reliance by any user on the materials contained on this website.