If you have a child with a disability you can help improve their communication and movement if you encourage them to take part in the activities of daily living. Everyday activities like getting dressed and having a bath are great opportunities to encourage your child’s development and have fun. Children learn a lot in the first three years, so it is a good idea to start as early as possible.
Watch and interpret facial expressions
Children often use unique facial expressions, sounds and body language to communicate. For example:
- smiling, frowning or pouting
- babbling, laughing and crying
- turning their head away to mean ‘no’
- using their eyes to point to people or objects.
It is therefore important to remember:
- nearly every sound and action your child makes is meaningful.
- all children communicate differently.
Respond to your child
It can take time and patience to work out what your child is trying to tell you. It will help if you:
- act confidently when you know what they want
- respond to all of your child’s sounds and actions
- place yourself face-to-face and level with your child
- imitate any sounds your child makes
- copy any words they say
- keep your sentences short and simple
- make communication fun.
Use bright colours and noisy toys to attract your child’s attention.
Talk to your child's healthcare professionals about the most suitable physical positions and activities of daily living for your child.
Hold and carry your child – but let them move
Try to hold your child in a way that will let them develop their own strength and balance and that allows them look around. You can:
- hold your child’s body against you, but leave their arms and legs free
- make a ‘chair’ out of your arms for your child to sit in.
Make getting dressed easier
Positions that may make getting your child dressed easier include:
- lying your child on their stomach, side or back
- sitting them on a chair or your lap
- standing them between your legs.
Try new positions when nappy changing
Nappy changing may be difficult if your child’s legs are stiff. To help, you can:
- bend their knees to separate their legs
- place a small pillow under their head.
Use different sitting and lying positions to build strength
Sitting and lying in different positions helps develop strength, for example:
- Lying on their side lets a child use their hands and feet.
- Lying on their stomach strengthens back, neck and arm muscles.
- Sitting on the floor with their legs straight stretches leg muscles.
- Sitting on a chair develops upper body strength – make sure their feet are flat on the floor or footrest.
Encourage standing and movement
Regular standing and movement are needed for muscle strength and healthy bones and joints. You can help your child by:
- using a standing frame if your child is unable to stand independently
- placing a favourite toy just out of reach to encourage them to roll, crawl or walk.
Support services for children with disabilities
Early Childhood Intervention Services (ECIS) support children with a disability or developmental delay from birth until they go to school, and their families.
Access to ECIS is via the Department of Education and Training’s ECIS Intake Team in each region of Victoria.
Telephone 1800 783 783 during business hours, ask for early childhood intervention services and the ECIS Intake Team will advise you of the full range of services available in your region.
Where to get help
- Your doctor
- Your paediatrician
- Early Childhood Intervention Services, call 1800 783 783
This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by:
Department of Education and Early Childhood Development
Page content currently being reviewed.
Content on this website is provided for education and information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not imply endorsement and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional. Content has been prepared for Victorian residents and wider Australian audiences, and was accurate at the time of publication. Readers should note that, over time, currency and completeness of the information may change. All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions.